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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The article is unpublished and has not been submitted to any other journal (otherwise a statement is included in "Comments for Editors").
  • As far as possible, URLs have been added to the bibliographical references.
  • The text is single-spaced, font size 12, italic if necessary, not underlined (except URL addresses); all illustrations, graphics and tables are inserted at a suitable place in the text and not at the end of the text.
  • The text follows the stylistic and bibliographic guidelines in Author's Guidelines , which can be found under "About Us".
  • Reviewer suggestion
  • Required documents: manuscript, anonymus manuscript; if present in the manuscript: figures and tables

Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines
This Guideline is designed to help you to revise your manuscript. A fee of 300 € is payable by the author(s) after acceptance of the paper.


• Please, submit two versions of your manuscript: the first with author names and affiliations, the second in anonymous form for the review process.


• Original research papers: limited to 3000 words and 20 references

• Review articles (including meta-analyses): not limited in length. Please, contact the editor before submission.

• Short communications: limited to 1500 words

• Letters to the editor


• Title: concise and specific for your study, avoid abbreviations and formulae

• Author names and affiliations: Please, indicate the author names unambiguously and present all authors` affiliation addresses (full postal address, e-mail address).

• Corresponding author: Indicate the corresponding author. The contact details include a phone number and an e-mail address.

• Abstract: The abstract may not contain more than 300 words.


• Please, insert line numbers.

• Main headings (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Disclosure of conflicts of interest, Acknowledgements, References, Appendix) are on a separate line and left justified.

• Subsection headings are in the first line of a passage. The subsection heading and the text are separated by a colon.

• Only use SI units.

• Please, define non-standard abbreviations at first use. Genus and species names must be written out in full at first mention.

• Please, write scientific Latin names in italics.


• Published literature or papers accepted for publication are cited according to Vancouver style. Citations are labelled in the text using Arabic numerals in square brackets (e.g. [1]).


• Please asure that local/national animal testing regulations were considered and that animal experiments were permitted by local/national authorities (please, mention name/s of permitting authority/authorities, number of permission).


• Please, create tables by using Microsoft Word.

• Tables and figures are numbered on the order in which they are first referenced in the text and should appear on separate pages following the References.

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